Aeroponic agriculture

Aeroponic agriculture

The CEO advised the farmers of Isfahan

to use Aeroponic Agriculture in water shortage conditions

Mr. Ali Mokhtarian, CEO of the company, referring to the water shortage situation in Isfahan province, said that the use of Aeroponic technology can play an important role in changing the pattern of cultivation in the province and ultimately more productivity of water resources.
He also mentioned the benefits of this plan and said that fortunately good results have been achieved, but a general comment on the economics of this type of cultivation will be provided after calculating the costs and income.
He added that we should evaluate the economic aspects of the project and advise farmers if its implementation is economical, which is currently in the pilot phase.

What is aeroponics

Aeroponics is defined by the International Association for Soilless Agriculture (ISSC)

Aeroponics is a system in which the roots of plants are in an environment that is saturated by spraying nutrient solutions into tiny droplets called mist or aerosols
& These plants are obviously suspended in the air or supported by some methods. The roots of these plants grow freely in the space near the containers, without coming into contact with any precursors as a substrate. It must be ensured that the roots are moist at all times so as not to fall into a critical state of moisture stress.

 

The basis of aeroponic agriculture

It is the cultivation of plants hanging or hanging in completely dangling environments and stems or semi-blocked. The underlying roots of plants are nourished by spraying atomized or sprayed water solution rich in nutrients needed by plants.

The small plants are placed in small holes created on the compact foam plates (Unilite) and the plates are placed on the aeroponic chambers to reduce the cost and labor required. Larger plants are attached to scaffolding networks to support the weight of their vegetative parts and fruits.
Aeroponic plants are healthier and grow faster than plants grown on seedlings because they are in pest-free environments. Given that most outdoor aeroponic environments are not completely disconnected, pests and diseases remain a threat.

The most important benefits of the Aeroponic system

  • No culture medium is used, so the roots have a maximum aeration.
  • Soil is not used, so there is no news of borne soil diseases.
  • The branches and leaves of plants (foliage) always remain dry, thus reducing the risk of plant diseases.
  • Harvesting is much easier, especially for root crops.
  • The production period of plant products is reduced due to the increase in growth rate.
  • The runoff of nutrients and water decreases due to their recycling.
  • In the aeroponic system, different types of plants can be grown together and separately.
  • Aeroponic environments are very suitable for plant propagation in terms of both seed germination or rooting of cuttings.

As cuttings and seeds take root faster and will have very few problems with plant diseases.

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